Dirección Puebla: Hospital Ángeles Puebla Consultorio 3700 7º Piso Torre de Especialidades, Av. Kepler No. 2143. Reserva Territorial Atlixcáyotl, Puebla, México CP 72190.
In ophthalmic medicine, a total or partial opacification of the lens is called a cataract.
There are basically two types:
Congenital cataract: produced by the existence of a hereditary lesion or an attack on the embryo during its development (eg rubella).
Acquired cataract: it is the most common type and is the main cause of vision loss among those over 55 years of age. It is caused by the accumulation of dead cells in the natural lenses of the eyes, responsible for focusing light and producing clear and sharp images.
Cataract Surgery by Phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implant (monofocal, multifocal and toric).
Since 1990 there has been a surgery called phacoemulsification consisting in the destruction by means of ultrasound of the opaque lens of the patient and in its place an intraocular lens is placed to compensate for the loss of refractive power of the eye, practicing a corneal incision of variable size. Choice of lenses according to the patient’s corneal aberrometry.
At present, the laser is not used in this type of intervention, as phacoemulsification is carried out through ultrasound. Although at present the laser can perform some steps of cataract surgery, the intervention must continue to be completed by means of phacoemulsification techniques.